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inforMATIon Blog

The MATI blog features articles pertaining to translation and interpretation. Subject matter includes issues pertaining to the field in the form of explorations into language, methodology and technology, book reviews, biographies, notes on presenters and meeting summaries. The views, opinions and statements expressed within each posting do not necessarily reflect the position of MATI as a whole.
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  • 08/15/2017 10:21 AM | Thais Passos Fonseca (Administrator)

    Why Translators and Interpreters Should Tackle Advocacy

    By Kristy Brown Lust, MATI Director

     

    Local, state, and federal lawmakers are tasked with creating legislation that regulates hundreds of industries. They rely on professionals from those fields to provide context and help them understand what is at stake for professionals working in the industry and how laws impact the people and businesses who use our services. As experts whose field deals with every industry imaginable, translators and interpreters are ideally situated to provide this context to help lawmakers understand the challenges our clients face, as well as the value we provide as language professionals.

     

    Civic engagement through advocacy is one way translators and interpreters can increase the visibility of our profession and, more importantly, assist lawmakers in crafting legislation that best serves and supports our various constituents. This includes everyone from patients in healthcare settings to military personnel working in other countries.

     

    The Certification Commission for Healthcare Interpreters recently hosted a free webinar that outlined how language professionals could approach advocacy. One advocacy issue mentioned was meaningful language access requirements for patients with limited English proficiency in healthcare settings. While the specific focus was interpreters working in healthcare, their lessons are widely applicable for all language professionals. The session included presentations from Don Schinske with Cal Capitol Group and California Healthcare Interpreting Association and Bill Rivers with the Joint National Committee for Languages and the National Council for Languages and International Studies (JNCL-NCLIS).

     

    Tips for getting started with advocacy:

    • Conduct research on current legislation related to your field. Often state and national organizations have legislative agendas that can help you quickly find what upcoming legislation will cover. For example, the JNCL-NCLIS website lists legislation they are tracking.
    • Get involved with local and national organizations by signing up for their advocacy action alerts.
    • If you’re attending the 2017 ATA Conference in Washington D.C. in October, plan to participate in the T&I Advocacy Day on Capitol Hill.
    • Write letters to the editor or individual journalists when you see incomplete or misleading news coverage on translation or interpreting or when you want to share your perspective as a professional working in the field.

    Visit CCHI’s website for links to the full presentation audio and other advocacy resources. And check out a recent ATA Chronicle article on the organization’s advocacy and business outreach efforts.


    ATA Advocacy Day Screenshot


  • 08/15/2017 10:16 AM | Thais Passos Fonseca (Administrator)

    Doing Things Machines Can’t:

    How to Thrive in a Changing Industry

    By Kristy Brown Lust, MATI Director

     

    Do you ever wonder how machine translation and other forms of artificial intelligence will impact your career prospects? Organizers of the On traduit à… series of conferences have a solution for translators—invest in improving skills at which only human beings excel. As the conference website states: “…your added value comes from doing things that machines cannot do. Things like detecting nuance of meaning. Navigating cross-cultural waters. Writing with simplicity and style. Those who hone their craft will flourish. Those who do not will be left behind.”

     

    French <> English translators keen to take on this challenge gathered for the most recent conference in Quebec City from July 24 to 26, 2017. Over 120 professionals from around the world met for presentations, translation slams and hands-on workshops designed to improve their craft. Attendees learned ways to be creative under pressure, how to translate difficult words that often appear in French or English texts, how to make their translations sing, and much more.

     

    Presenter Chris Durban, who presented sessions on helping companies control their stories and working with journalists, said: “This conference isn’t focused on selling our services or raising prices, but on doing the hard work required to improve our language and writing skills.” This theme was echoed throughout the conference by presenters working in a range of fields.

     

    Tips offered by presenters to improve skills included reading widely in your target language, subscribing to business press in your areas of specialization (in both source and target languages), exchanging proofreading services with a colleague, and attending events hosted by organizations in your area of specialization (e.g. insurance conferences, chamber of commerce receptions, etc.).


                              

    Photos taken at one of the "On traduit à..." conferences, in Quebec City, July 24-26, 2017.

     

    Ultimately, although the translation industry is rapidly changing, attendees and organizers remain optimistic that translators who “improve their specialist knowledge and writing skills” will continue to find clients who need and value their services.

     

    Looking for a local opportunity to invest in your career? MATI’s conference on September 23 is an excellent event where you can learn new skills to implement immediately and connect with other translation and interpreting professionals.

  • 07/30/2017 10:57 AM | Thais Passos Fonseca (Administrator)

    Upcoming MATI webinars


    Date to be determined:

    Specialization. The context unknown for translators in technical translations. Case study in the mining industry

    Nora Fiorini, M.A., English-Spanish translator

    In this webinar, Nora Fiorini will use a case study in mining industry translation to examine issues of context and implicit knowledge. She will discuss the main pros and cons of specialization in translation in general, and for the mining industry in particular. Translation examples/vocabulary and mining theory will be provided. Participants will practice examples of English to Spanish mining texts.


  • 07/30/2017 10:33 AM | Thais Passos Fonseca (Administrator)

    Design and Implementation of Translation Testing Procedures

    By Alaina Brantner, MATI Member


    Regardless of their size, for translation firms providing services in multiple languages, the likelihood that none of the professionals in the organization or department read the language of many of the target deliverables is great. Firms therefore rely on translators from around the world—most of whom their vendor and project managers will never meet in person—for a translation product in a language that no one within their organization can read. When the product is in a language that no one can read, developing well-designed processes to mitigate against the risks associated with working with unqualified providers is critical. These risks include (but are not limited to):

    • expensive rework on live projects causing delays and missed deliveries;
    • ruined translation memory resources affecting the quality and costs of all future projects;
    • lawsuits resulting from translation errors;
    • injury and death resulting from mistranslations;
    • uncontrolled client intellectual property in the form of source content, translation memories, and glossaries found with unknown providers.

    Ultimately, these risks bear on the reputations of firms (not to mention the health and safety of end users) and their ability to protect their relationships with all their clients. A deliberate translator onboarding process is designed to prevent these kinds of outcomes, with layers of preventions in place to ensure the quality of the product for a firm and its clients. A well-developed translator testing procedure is an essential component of that overall preventative process.


    Translator Testing – The Cost Not to Test


    Collectively, any system for translator onboarding consists of three main stages: initial screening, testing, and a probationary period. (For more on the initial screening stage that takes place prior to testing, see my article, “Key Components of Successful Translator Recruitment” in The ATA Chronicle.) Firms invest a significant amount of time and money at the initial screen stage to pass qualified candidates on to testing, and testing represents the next level of investment made by firms in the onboarding process. Not only an additional layer of protection safeguarding the integrity of the product, testing also helps firms ensure that future investments of time and resources are allocated toward developing mutually beneficial relationships with the best talent available. Any candidate’s movement through the overall onboarding process correlates to increasing investments of time and resources that a firm makes in onboarding and training that candidate. The farther candidates have progressed, the greater the losses for firms when they are determined to not meet organizational requirements. Any candidates who do not meet these requirements during live jobs represent the greatest potential losses to firms, not only in the investments made to date in that candidate, but in terms of rework on live jobs and the resulting risks to client relationships.


    The testing phase does not eliminate the risks associated with selling a product that has been contracted for in an online environment in a language the professionals in an organization do not read. Testing does, however, help prevent firms from making great investments of time and resources in candidates that threaten the well being of firms, through lack of subject-matter knowledge, or neglect of best practices. Testing increases the likelihood that the finite resource investments of a firm are being allocated to building relationships and training the candidates that best meet an organization’s needs.


    Strategies for Translation Test Design


    The primary focus of any translation test is the verification of a translator’s language and subject-matter capabilities. Content for translation testing is developed based on the domain in which a firm provides translation services. For example, within the technical fields, tests might include a variety of specialized terminology, while organizations that focus on marketing might utilize texts with idioms and other turns of phrase for a sample of translators’ creative problem-solving strategies. Beyond language and subject-matter-related verifications, the most successful tests will draw upon the experiences of the various stakeholders of the translation and production processes of a firm. For example, based on feedback from reviewers and desktop publishers on each of their respective stages, testing can be designed to account for recurring issues—such as the inconsistent translation of references to headers in the body of a manual, or the placement of formatting tags. This gives vendor managers the opportunity to gauge candidates’ abilities in a range of areas and to better learn if a candidate is a good fit for their organization.


    While translation testing affords firms a valuable opportunity to check translators in a variety of areas, when establishing the grading structure for testing, language fluency and subject matter expertise are ultimately the most critical skills to test. As recommended in the ASTM's “Standard Guide for Quality Assurance in Translation,” organizations will ideally work with a trusted language lead when carrying out the native language editing of any translation samples or tests.[i] This editor checks the translation first and foremost for accuracy and completeness, and during this first pass review, any of certain categories of objective errors, such as mistranslations, automatically disqualify a candidate.


    Once the translation has been determined to be accurate and complete, the editor and/or a non-native proofreader can proceed to check the target content for other stylistic issues. Depending on the field in which an organization provides translation services, consistency will be a major factor. The ability to follow instructions is also key, so reviewers need to check that candidates have adhered to guidelines for the treatment of proper nouns, abbreviations, and conversions. Language-specific conventions can also be verified, to ensure that non-breaking spaces have been used before colons in Canadian French, for example, or that titles are capitalized to meet target language norms.


    Beyond style checks, translation testing is also a firm’s first opportunity to verify candidates’ technological capabilities, including work with more complex file formats and within the computer-assisted translation (CAT) environment. This technology component should not be overlooked. Often, to win work, less qualified providers make big claims about use of and comfort with CAT technology. By including something as simple as a CAT-compatible glossary of a few key terms, vendor managers can quickly determine if a candidate’s capabilities meet their technological claims.


    Finally, budgets are an important factor to consider in the design of translation tests, and firms use a variety of strategies to manage the costs associated with testing. I personally argue against relying on free tests to make the crucial determinations on candidates’ capabilities outlined in this article. Firms that test potential translators by having them translate live jobs for free are advised to carefully consider the repercussions of this strategy. The adage “you get what you pay for” speaks volumes about the results one can reasonably expect from this sort of an approach. To adjust for the skewed results of this strategy, firms are either failing more candidates or lowering the quality expectations of their testing system. Either adjustment is detrimental to a firm’s well-being. The former fails to capitalize on a firm’s investments at the initial screening stage, which is especially costly assuming that for every translator passed on to linguistic testing, 12.5 must be contacted, as was true of my firm’s 2016 recruitment efforts.[ii] The latter introduces vulnerability into a firm’s onboarding processes, because unqualified candidates are given greater chances of passing. Overall, the expectation for free services is also an ineffective means through which to positively embark on the mutually-beneficial relationships with the highly-qualified professionals that help to safeguard the integrity of a firm’s product and reputation.


    Translator Testing – A Controlled Environment


    Deliberate testing is developed based on an understanding of a wide variety of factors, including industry standards, the circumstances under which translation is carried out, and the objectives that are met through strong testing procedures. Fundamental to the design of testing is an awareness that firms rely on recommendations made by outside providers for languages that often none of the professionals in their organization read. This awareness must be balanced with realistic expectations for the outcome of the overall onboarding process. No set of actions can account for every eventuality. Still, based on experience and knowledge, procedures can be established and updated to set firms up for the greatest chance of success in their onboarding efforts, and ultimately for the translation services they are able to provide as a result. Carefully designed translation testing is a key component of the overall preventative onboarding process, in which issues with great potential costs for live jobs are identified and overcome in a low-cost, controlled environment, before they can affect a firm’s reputation and its relationships with its end clients.


    -----


    Alaina Brantner is a Translation Specialist with CPG, a technical translation and documentation firm that works directly with original equipment manufacturers (www.cpgcanhelp.com). A Spanish>English translator, she has an MA in language, literature, and translation, specializing in Spanish>English translation, from the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. She served as a MATI director from 2012 to 2016. Contact: alainab@cpgauger.com or alaina.brantner@gmail.com.


    [i] Brantner, Alaina. “Key Components of Successful Translator Recruitment.” The ATA Chronicle (American Translators Association), May/June 2017, 22.

    [ii] ASTM International, F 2575-06, “Standard Guide for Quality Assurance in Translation” (June 2006), 6-7.

  • 07/30/2017 9:41 AM | Thais Passos Fonseca (Administrator)

    Group Practice and the ATA Certification Exam

    By Erin Woodard, MATI Member

     

    An August 2016 ATA Savvy Newcomer article by Juan Lizama described how a group of translators from the Oregon Society of Translators and Interpreters (OSTI) studied together for the ATA certification exam. A group of approximately twelve language professionals met weekly online, translated assignments, and reviewed translation strategies prior to taking their respective tests. The group used the ATA exam resources to review one another’s translations in order to provide themselves with a realistic grading experience. In addition, they had ATA exam graders review translations of past exams in order to obtain feedback.


    This group practice approach to preparing for ATA’s certification exam is a helpful way for other linguists to prepare, as well. As translators, we often submit our work to private clients and translation agencies for onward transmission to the end user, however we don’t often have the opportunity to work together and review our translations with fellow professionals. An exam practice group allows translators to provide and receive feedback about their work in an effort to continuously improve the quality of their translations. In addition, it helps linguists prepare for the very specific and targeted grading scale of the ATA certification exam.


    Local groups of MATI members may consider setting up practice groups with fellow translators from their area to prepare for the upcoming certification exam being held before the MATI conference or for future exams.


    MATI members who want to form a practice group might consider meeting other interested members at upcoming charisMATIc events. Small groups might also consider reaching out to other MATI members via social media, phone or email to set up an online study group.


    Members who want to participate in a practice group could source content from many locations, including current events, trade magazines, etc. In addition, the ATA offers a practice exam, which is an opportunity for study groups to not only review each other’s translations, but also to receive feedback directly from the ATA exam graders. This is a great way to identify strengths, areas for improvement, and exam-specific pitfalls you may be experiencing.


    Best of luck to all linguists in the Midwest as you prepare for upcoming exam sittings, whether you choose to study individually or as a group!


  • 07/30/2017 9:35 AM | Thais Passos Fonseca (Administrator)

    MATI’s 14th Annual Conference

     

    MATI 14 will take place on September 23, 2017 at the Monona Terrace in Madison, Wisconsin, from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m..

    The keynote speaker, Sabrina Madison, will talk about how to “Expand Your Reach with Social Media”.

     

    This is the first year we'll have two concurrent sets of workshops: one set of workshops focused on interpreting and one set focused on translating!

    Register now!

    Presenters are as follows*:

    • Interpreting Sessions
           - Suzanne Couture: "Professional Development for Remote Interpreters”
           - Ana Soler: "Interpreting in Educational Settings: A Growing Profession"
           - Gloria Rivera: "Note-taking Strategies"
    • Translation Sessions
          
      - Olga Shostachuk: "Is an Emoji Worth 1,000 Words?"
          
      - Michelle Kang: "Metaphors as Reflected in Our Action, Thought, and Language"
           - Christina Green (topic to be confirmed)     

    New this year, we’ll have a photographer at the conference capturing all the exciting moments of the day and taking professional headshots of those interested. This is a great opportunity for MATI members to have a professional headshot taken!

     

    *Program subject to change



    Monona Terrace

  • 07/30/2017 9:11 AM | Thais Passos Fonseca (Administrator)

    MATI Member Spotlight: Erin Woodard

     

      Language Pair(s): French > English

     

      Degree(s)/Certification(s): Master of Professional French Studies and Translations Studies Certificate

     

      How long have you been a MATI member? Since 2015

     

      How did you acquire your B language(s)?

      I have my Master’s degree in French and I lived and worked in Grenoble and Paris, France.

     

    How long have you worked in your field? How did you get started in the field of translation and/or interpretation?

    I started to work in the specific field of translation in 2015. Prior to that I worked for an international nonprofit that provides grant funding for international development initiatives. At the organization, I had the opportunity to work with people and languages from around the world.

     

    What inspired you to get into your field?

    I love foreign languages and have always been very passionate about them. I have found that the field of translation has allowed me to focus specifically on that passion, while continuing to work in an international field which I also truly enjoy.

     

    Describe an especially memorable or fulfilling professional experience.

    My favorite translating experience has been translating microcredit loans for the nonprofit Kiva. It is an organization that crowdsources funding for entrepreneurs outside of the traditional banking system. Online lenders can contribute to loans for individuals or groups who use the funding for their businesses and pay it back in installments. Once the loan is fully refunded, lenders can use those funds to support another individual. All of the foreign language loans are translated into English by Kiva’s team of volunteers and are posted online on the nonprofit’s website. I love seeing loans I’ve translated receive funding and knowing that entrepreneurs are benefiting as a result of a translation.

     

    What program/tool/dictionary couldn’t you live without?

    I really enjoy using memoQ. I learned to use it in school and am always excited when I learn new functionality or find a way for it to help me be more effective with my work.

     

    Do you have a book, blog or methodology that you would like to recommend?

    I try to read all of the ATA’s Savvy Newcomer blog posts, as it which covers a variety of different topics in the translation industry. I find it enlightening and it exposes me to new topics in the field.

     

    Do you have any tips for those starting out in the field? For those who’ve been in the field?

    I have found that meeting with other translators is particularly motivating. In Madison, there is a group that gathers to discuss translation on a monthly basis, and I find these meetings energizing and inspiring. I enjoy hearing other linguists’ stories and learning how they work. I would encourage translators who are starting out to look for fellow professionals, either in person or online, and to join in the conversation.

     

    Why did you decide to join MATI?

    I joined MATI because I wanted to meet other local linguistic professionals and to continue my professional growth in the field. I have enjoyed attending MATI events and reading the organizational newsletter. I was also interested in finding additional information about translating as a freelance career, as well as learning more about translation theories and practice.

     

    Why do you think it’s important to belong to professional organizations like MATI?

    I think that being a part of professional organizations demonstrates that one is serious about their field and serious about learning and developing their professional skillset.

     

    Would you like feedback from your MATI colleagues on any challenges you have faced in the field?

    I am always curious to hear how others differentiate themselves when reaching out to potential clients or translation agencies, and finding ways to stand out in the crowd of other translators.

     

    What do you do in your free time?

    I enjoy spending time outdoors with my family and getting to the yoga studio.

     

  • 05/07/2017 4:52 PM | Kristy Brown Lust (Administrator)

    Introducing charisMATIc: MATI’s Quarterly Social Gatherings

    By Meghan McCallum, MATI Vice President

     

    As part of new member offerings in 2017, MATI is hosting quarterly social gatherings in metropolitan areas of Illinois, Wisconsin, and Indiana. These informal events, called charisMATIc, are an opportunity for MATI members to network with each other, meet their local board members, and learn more about how to get involved with the association.

     

    charisMATIc ChicagocharisMATIc Chicago took place on March 10 at Bar Louie River North. President Joseph Wojowski and Treasurer Kate Jankowski hosted the evening, which was well-attended by members from the Chicago area.

     

    The second installment, charisMATIc Milwaukee, was held on March 24 at MOVIDA in Walker’s Point. Vice President Meghan McCallum, Secretary Amy Polenske, and Directors Marina Ilari, Ghada Shakir, and Tyann Zehms enjoyed seeing colleagues and meeting new members at the event.

    charisMATIc Milwaukee

    charisMATIc Madison was held at Barriques West Wash on April 19. Directors Kristy Brown Lust and Thaís Passos welcomed members and invited them to share ideas for future training and networking events.

     

    Please stay tuned for announcements of future charisMATIc events, including an Indianapolis installment! We look forward to meeting more of our members through these quarterly events. If you would like to help organize an upcoming charisMATIc event in your area, please contact us at matiemail@gmail.com.

  • 05/07/2017 4:26 PM | Kristy Brown Lust (Administrator)

    MATI Members Receive ATA Certification

    Timothy Friese (Chicago, IL) passed the Spanish to English, Arabic to English, and Portuguese to English ATA certification exams.

     

    photo of Caitlin JonesCaitlin Jones (Rochester, MN) passed the Spanish to English ATA certification exam. Congratulations, Timothy and Caitlin!

     

    Did you recently receive certification or complete a T&I-related training course or program? Share your member news with us! E-mail matiemail@gmail.com with the subject line Member news for inforMATIon.

     

  • 05/05/2017 1:16 PM | Kristy Brown Lust (Administrator)

    Naming a “New” Reality: Span-USism

    By Alejandra Patricia Karamanian

     

    For last year's words belong to last year's language 
    And next year's words await another voice

    T.S. Eliot

     

    Spanish is no longer a candidate. The word “candidate” comes from Latin candidatus, meaning “white,” and makes reference to ancient Roma, where those running for public office wore a white toga. The Spanish language has already taken off its toga to become one of the most used and studied languages worldwide. It is not surprising, then, that English to Spanish translators are increasingly interested in U.S. Spanish with its popular language on one hand, and its academic language, on the other.


    In Spanish, we have the term estadounidismo to describe the words or phrases born out of the two languages in contact in the United StatesEnglish and Spanish. Inserted in a formal socio-cultural-language communication situation, these words or phrases (a) are fully Spanish as they meet the word-formation requirements while bearing the U.S. English language and cultural stamp, and (b) already exist in the Spanish language but now with a new meaning. Examples: Departamento (as a public entity), paralegal, elegible, copago, to name but a few.


    Languages are constantly picking up neologisms to name new realities, and this is not the exception to the rule. In Spanish, the suffix –ismo equals –ism in English with the meaning of “indicating a characteristic usage, esp. of a language” (https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/ism_2), and thus forming argentinismo, chilenismo, colombianismo, and a long list of -ismos belonging to the 23 varieties of Spanish spoken in the world. The good news is that the 23rd edition of Diccionario de la Lengua Española has included estadoundismo. By the way, the English dictionaries list words like Italianism, Gallicism, Briticism, Hellenism, etc., but not any –ism for the –ismos listed above.

     

    At this point, my question was what English term would stand for estadounidismo. Browsing dictionaries, I found the following words that describe foreign words that initially seem to fit our search: AnglicismAmericanism, Anglo-Americanism. But when we compare them to their Spanish counterparts anglicismo, americanismo, and angloamericanismo, something is missing.


    Let’s look at some definitions of these terms in English dictionaries:

    Merriam WebsterAnglicism

    1:  a characteristic feature of English occurring in another language

    2:  adherence or attachment to English customs or ideas

    Origin and Etymology of Anglicism

    Medieval Latin anglicus English

    First Known Use: 1642          

    Other dictionaries also show that this definition doesn’t incorporate the meaning of estadounidismo: See Oxford Dictionaries and Wikipedia.

     

    Merriam WebsterAmericanism

    1:  a characteristic feature of American English especially as contrasted with British English

    2:  attachment or allegiance to the traditions, interests, or ideals of the U.S.

    3:  a: a custom or trait peculiar to America

         b: the political principles and practices essential to American culture

     

    The Oxford Dictionary definition for Americanism also does not include our desired definition.

     

    Oxford DictionariesAnglo-Americanism

    1. A characteristically American English word, phrase, or idiom, (now especially) one borrowed into another language.

    2. Cooperation or integration between England (or Britain) and America; allegiance to or advocacy of this.
    a. anglicismo

    b. americanismo
    c. angloamericanismo

    Origin: Early 19th century; earliest use found in Christian Observer. From Anglo-American + -ism.

     

    Along these lines, the translation of these three terms, Anglicism, Americanism, and Anglo-Americanism do not represent the full diglossic reality of an estadounidismo. Let’s make a proof to sustain this hypothesis by translating them back and looking up their definitions in Diccionario de la Lengua Española: anglicismo, americanismo, angloamericanismo.

    a. anglicismo
    De ánglico e -ismo.

    1. m. Giro o modo de hablar propio de la lengua inglesa.

    2. m. Vocablo o giro de la lengua inglesa empleado en otra.

    3. m. Empleo de vocablos o giros ingleses en distintos idiomas.

     

    b. americanismo

    1. m. Cualidad o condición de americano.

    2. m. Carácter genuinamente americano.

    3. m. Amor o apego a lo americano.

    4. m. americanística.

    5. m. Vocablo, giro o rasgo fonético, gramatical o semántico que pertenece a alguna lengua indígena de América o proviene de ella.

    6. m. Vocablo, giro o rasgo fonético, gramatical o semántico peculiar o procedente del español hablado en algún país de América.


    c. angloamericanismo.

    De angloamericano e -ismo.

    1. m. Vocablo, giro o rasgo fonético, gramatical o semántico peculiar o procedente del ingléshablado en los Estados Unidos de América.


    And now our star today and the definition included in the same dictionary:


    estadounidismo

    1. m. Palabra o uso propios del español hablado en los Estados Unidos de América.


    At this crossroad, it is clear that neither Anglicism, nor Americanism or Anglo-Americanism can faithfully stand for our estadounidismo because none of definitions include its specific meaning.

     

    With the goal of creating a neologism revealing the “new” socio-culture-language reality as well as incorporating “a word or use proper to U.S. Spanish,” I would propose translating estadounidismo using blending, which is one method of word formation, creating the blend or composite acronym: Span-USism.

     

    Proposals of definitions for dictionaries’ entries:

    Span-USism

    1. a characteristic feature of the U.S. Spanish language.

    2. a word, phrase or construction that is peculiar to the Spanish spoken in the United States of America.

    3. a word, phrase or construction peculiar to the U.S. Spanish language.

     

     

     

    Footnote: After all this analysis, it is worth noting that, unfortunately, just 6 estadounidismos have been included in the 23rd issue of Diccionario de la Lengua Española: billón, congresional, guardavidas, sobador, trillón, and last but not least estadounidismo, of course! A long way to go…

     

    ---

    Alejandra Patricia Karamanian is a Certified Sworn Translator, Copy Editor and Proofreader of the Spanish Language, and holds an M.A. in Teaching Spanish for Foreigners. She is an independent translator in legal, business, and international relations fields; online/onsite teacher at translation for national and international associations of translators, the New York University, and online Spanish courses for foreigners. She is a member of the North American Academy of the Spanish Language (ANLE). Languages: Spanish, English, French. Contact: apk@apktranslation.com, alejandrapatricia1717@gmail.com or www.apktranslation.com

     

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